The Vegetarian by Han Kang

It seems that to be a vegetarian is a challenge. I remember in the 1970s in Coventry where I was teaching the children at lunchtime would ask why I had a special meal, and then try and catch me out because it appeared to them to be unbelievable that I chose never to eat meat. I bet you eat fish and chips. No. Smokey Bacon crisps? No. And on Christmas Day, what do you eat then? I bet you eat turkey! This was usually delivered with a triumphant ‘caught you’ kind of voice. But I haven’t eaten meat for nearly 40 years. Not even on Christmas Day. Then for me as now in Korea for the main character in this novel. When Yeong-hye announced she would no longer eat meat it was regarded as a social transgression. Several people thought that her behaviour must be corrected.

247 Veg cover

The Story

The story of Yeong-hye is told by three different people: her husband, her brother-in-law and her sister. Each one has a different view or need for her. Each one carries the point of view for a section.

The first section, called The Vegetarian, is narrated in the first person by Yeong-hye’s husband. He believes she is mediocre, malleable and no challenge to him. He married her on this basis, and her announcement that she will no longer eat meat brings unwanted changes to his life. He resents this for he sees her role only in terms of himself. In one of the most shocking episodes of the book the husband recounts, in a bloodless way, how Yeong-hye’s father strikes her twice and forces meat into her mouth, sparking her first psychotic episode. She cuts her wrist and is hospitalised. The husband makes no effort to intervene, does nothing to prevent the violence.

The brother-in-law is a video artist who becomes obsessed with painting her body with flowers. In the second section, Mongolian Mark, he moves from being a sympathetic person, the one who carried Yeong-hye to hospital, through a fixation upon her birth mark to painting flowers on her body and recording her movements. Finally he paints and records himself as well and the results are predictable and not a little erotic. But when they are discovered it is Yeong-hye who again goes to hospital.

Her sister, Kim In-hye, visits the hospital in the section called Flaming Trees. Kim In-hye feels guilt because she did not prevent violence towards her younger sister in childhood as well as in adulthood. Although her marriage has finished because of the painting the body episode, Kim In-hye cares for her sister. She pays for the treatment and she visits periodically. Now it seems that nothing can be done for her, Yeong-hye wishes to become a tree. She does not want this life, but another.


There is rage in this book, resistance and revolt against conformity. It is also about the body and its meaning in relationships and to the individual. Expressing oneself physically is only allowed in certain ways, and not eating meat, cutting oneself, wishing to become a tree, hiding out in the woods – these things cannot be accepted from Yeong-hye. It is her sister who witnesses the second shocking attempt, this one by the hospital staff, to force-feed Yeong-hye to save her life. She questions whether Yeong-hye’s wishes should not prevail, even if she dies.

Yeong-hye’s only explanation for her vegetarianism is that she had a dream and she pursues her dream to become a tree as the novel progresses. Her decision provokes others to act upon her and her body. The more she withdraws from the world the more she is imprisoned within it: in hospital wards, by strait jackets and drugs and even trussed like a bird for roasting to transport her away from the psychiatric hospital.

While we have three voices observing and commenting on Yeong-hye, her voice is rarely heard except in a small voice or an animalistic howl.

The writing

Here is the opening paragraph of the novel. The words are Yeong-hye’s husband’s. So much information, so little affection or admiration.

Before my wife turned vegetarian, I’d always thought of her as completely unremarkable in every way. To be frank, the first time I met her I wasn’t even attracted to her. Middling height; bobbed hair neither long nor short; jaundiced, sickly-looking skin; somewhat prominent cheekbones; her timid, sallow aspect told me all I needed to know. As she came up to the table where I was waiting, I couldn’t help notice her shoes – the plainest black shoes imaginable. And that walk of hers – neither fast nor slow, striding not mincing. (3).

Later the writing becomes quite sensual. Here are the brother-in-law’s observations when he has first painted her body with flowers.

This was the body of a beautiful young woman, conventionally an object of desire, and yet it was a body from which all desire had been eliminated. But this was nothing so crass as carnal desire, not for her – rather, or so it seemed, what she had renounced was the very life her body represented. The sunlight that came splintering through the wide window, dissolving into grains of sand, and the beauty of that body which though this was not visible to the eye, was also ceaselessly splintering … (85)

The final scenes are vivid, disturbing and haunting.

The translator, Deborah Smith, has done an excellent job.

247 mbi2016-logoShortlisted for the 2016 Man Booker International Prize. It was an opportunity to read a book by a woman in translation. I have never read a book by a Korean author before.


The Vegetarian by Han Kang published by Portobello Books in 2015. 183pp

Translated from the Korean by Deborah Smith.


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Filed under Books, Reading, Reviews

10 Responses to The Vegetarian by Han Kang

  1. Eileen

    Oh No – I wasn’t going to add any more books to my list but I am now longing to read this – such excellent themes. I am looking forward to the vivid, disturbing and haunting scenes!
    People ask me if I am a veggie as I don’t eat red meat – I just don’t like it – and they think I am peculiar. I eat chicken as long as there are no bones attached and fish as long as there are no sad eyes looking up from the plate. My friend Ken is a vegan and I am always quite challenged when cooking for him. He was highly principled about it. I never notice your vegetarianism as I love all the foods you like, especially nuts and Prosecco. What was your initial motivation? And the question always asked: Do you wear leather shoes?

    • Caroline

      This one is fairly short, not difficult to read, but with some harrowing moments.
      The story of my turning vegetarian is this: I found out about the ‘judas sheep’ who lead the other sheep into the killing chamber. It seemed immoral to make animals be instruments of their fellow’ death. I didn’t want anything to do with it. Also I didn’t really like meat. It was 1977.
      Yes I wear leather shoes and buy other leather goods. I don’t eat leather however.
      c xx

  2. Eileen

    Judas sheep – how awful. That is a terrifying concept.
    I’m very glad you wear leather jackets – it looks like you come from Lyme Regis – if you know what I mean!

  3. Have bought the book and will reread your review when I have finished it. Thanks for a thorough and interesting review.
    I’ve been a vegetarian since I was eight. It has got easier to find suitable food over the years.

    • Caroline

      Hi Barbara,
      so pleased my review has prompted you to buy the book – at least I think that’s what you meant!
      Let us know how you get on with The Vegetarian when you have read it.
      I wonder whether the greater availability of vegetarian food indicates an increasingly relaxed attitude to controlling bodies and identities? It seems less challenging to others to be a vegetarian these days, and easier to have one’s tastes accommodated, even in France!

  4. Sounds like a fairly challenging but interesting read, Caroline. I think I would enjoy it. I could philosophically be a vegetarian, but I do like the taste of meat. I think for the future of our planet we need to consume less though. My daughter and her partner are vegetarians. My grandchildren love red meat. I have fun sorting out a menu when everyone comes for lunch. Each week! Hub and I eat little red meat and have vegetarian meals once or twice a week. I admire, and am grateful for, the vegetarians in our midst. I hope they didn’t become so in a similar way to our protagonist in this book.

    • Caroline

      Hi Norah. Thanks for your thoughts on meat diets.

      I hope I haven’t given readers the impression that this is a book about vegetarianism. No, rather t’s about the body and identity and what happens when social norms are transgressed. The protagonist’s decision not to eat meat was only the first step.

  5. Eileen

    I read this while I was on holiday – what a horror story. An amazing book – so clever. I have a great article of a conversation between the author and the translator. Did you see it? I’ll keep it for you anyway. Great to remember that one of our books on learning was translated for Korean readers.

    • Caroline

      I’d forgotten about the Korean version of Learning and Learning. I think it was that one.
      I am not much tempted towards embracing Korean culture after reading The Vegetarian. But I think it’s a marvellous book. Look forward to reading the article.
      C xx

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